Dentist

Summary

Dentists diagnose and treat oral diseases, injuries and abnormalities of jaws, teeth and gums, undertake preventive procedures, conduct surgery and perform other specialist techniques.

Duties & Tasks

Dentists may perform the following tasks:

  • examine patients' teeth and gums using dental equipment and X-rays
  • diagnose dental conditions and plan oral health care in consultation with patients
  • clean teeth and cavities, and provide preventive care such as scaling, cleaning and fluoride therapy
  • repair decayed and broken teeth by rebuilding tooth structures and providing crowns and bridges
  • treat diseases of the roots, gums and soft tissues of the mouth
  • perform routine surgical procedures, such as extracting teeth, as well as complex operations on the jaws and soft tissues
  • give local anaesthetics when necessary for carrying out treatment, and prescribe other medicines for infection or pain
  • design and fit dentures, crowns and bridges for the replacement of lost or unsound teeth
  • refer patients to dental specialists for further treatment.

Specialisations

Endodontist

An endodontist diagnoses and treats diseases and injuries to the soft tissues within the hollow core of the tooth.

Oral/Maxillofacial Surgeon

An oral/maxillofacial surgeon surgically treats diseases and abnormalities of the mouth and adjacent parts.

Orthodontist

An orthodontist diagnoses and treats badly aligned teeth and jaws.

Paediatric Dentist

A paediatric dentist deals with children's dental health.

Periodontist

A periodontist prevents and treats diseases of the gums and supporting tissues.

Prosthodontist

A prosthodontist restores and/or replaces teeth and their associated parts.

Public Health Dentist

A public health dentist works with the community, researching and facilitating community dental programmes.

Special Needs Dentist

A special needs dentist treats patients with conditions that require special techniques to manage dental problems.

Personal Requirements

  • good hand-eye coordination
  • able to do precise and detailed work
  • good communication skills
  • able to concentrate for long periods
  • sympathetic and caring.

Related Courses:

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