How to become a Sociologist

Sociologists study the development, structure, social patterns and interrelationships of social groups and human societies.

Personal requirements of a Sociologist

  • Able to remain objective
  • Sensitivity to and interested in social issues
  • Good oral and written communication skills
  • Aptitude for research
  • Able to work independently

Education & Training for a Sociologist

To become a sociologist you usually have to complete a degree in arts, humanities or social science at university with a major in sociology. To get into these courses you usually need to gain your Senior Secondary Certificate of Education with English. Most universities in Australia offer relevant degrees. Universities have different prerequisites and some have flexible entry requirements or offer external study. Contact the institutions you are interested in for more information.

Duties & Tasks of a Sociologist

Sociologists may perform the following tasks:

  • observe and investigate social groups and subjects such as family, community, education, industrial relations, crime, politics, minority and ethnic relations, poverty and mass communications
  • research, collect and analyse data, generally using computers
  • record and interpret facts and figures, and write reports using the data
  • undertake systematic interviews of selected individuals
  • live in the community being studied to assist their own understanding.

Working conditions for a Sociologist

Sociologists may be required to travel to conduct research and consult with other social scientists.

Employment Opportunities for a Sociologist

Sociologists are usually employed as academics and consultants. They may also work as independent authors of both academic and mainstream articles and books. Sociology graduates find employment in a number of related fields of social research, planning, and policy development and evaluation. The private sector is increasingly employing sociologists in the areas of survey research, consultancy, equal opportunity and human resources. Sociology is relevant to a career in social work, ethnic and social justice affairs, health sciences and correctional and other community services. Students who wish to pursue an academic career should aim to achieve good results in an honours degree, followed by a higher degree by research. Social problems such as unemployment and juvenile crime create demand for sociologists' skills. Demand is also affected by government funding in the public service, education and scientific research areas.

Avg. weekly wage:


Future growth:

moderate growth

Employment by state:

ACT 1.8%

NSW 24%

NT 4%

QLD 19.6%

SA 4.6%

TAS 2%

VIC 38.5%

WA 5.4%

Hours worked:




Gender split:

Proportion of male workers 36%

Proportion of female workers 64%

Education level:

Proportion of workers who have not completed Year 10: 0%

Proportion of workers who have not completed Year 12: 0%

Proportion of workers whose highest qualification is secondary school: 23.3%

Proportion of workers whose highest qualification is a Certificate 3 or 4: 0%

Proportion of workers whose highest qualification is a Diploma or Advanced Diploma: 17.8%

Proportion of workers whose highest qualification is a Bachelor degree: 42.5%

Proportion of workers whose highest qualification is a Postgraduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate: 16.4%

Age bracket:

Proprortion of workers aged below 35 years: 38%

Proportion of workers aged above 35 years: 58%

*The data above is sourced from the Department of Employment’s Job Outlook website.

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