Archaeologists study past human societies by recovering, recording, analysing and interpreting material remains and other important evidence, such as cultural artefacts, food remains, skeletal remains, environmental evidence and landscapes.
To become an archaeologist you usually have to complete a degree at university with a major in archaeology, followed by a postgraduate qualification in archaeology or cultural heritage. To get into the degree courses you usually need to gain your Senior Secondary Certificate of Education with English. A number of universities in Australia offer degrees in these areas. Entry to postgraduate courses usually requires completion of an appropriate bachelor degree. Universities have different prerequisites and some have flexible entry requirements or offer external study. Contact the institutions you are interested in for more information. For full details, refer to the entries on the website at www.goodcareersguide.com.au or university handbooks.
Archaeologists may perform the following tasks:
Archaeologists may work with a variety of people on excavations, including Indigenous groups, academics from related areas, technical staff, people who live in the vicinity of the archaeological sites, labourers and other workers under their direction. Archaeologists are increasingly using technologies such as geophysical survey devices, geographic information systems (GIS), web-based communication platforms and global positioning system (GPS) devices. Archaeologists work both indoors and outdoors, in varying locations across Australia and internationally.
Traditionally, archaeologists were mainly employed as academics in universities and museums. Many archaeologists in Australia are employed in the cultural heritage management field and use their expertise to minimise the impacts of development projects on sites of cultural heritage significance. A variety of government departments, Indigenous groups and representative bodies employ archaeologists in this capacity, while some are employed as researchers in universities. Although competition for positions is strong, in recent years there has been an increasing demand for qualified graduates. Most of this demand comes from cultural heritage firms working in the development industry. Undertaking voluntary work during your degree may increase the possibility of gaining a job in this field. Many universities offer field schools and volunteer or work placement opportunities to help students gain such experience.