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Civil Engineer

Civil engineers plan, design, construct, operate and maintain roads, bridges, dams, water supply schemes, sewerage systems, transportation systems, harbours, canals, dockyards, airports, railways, factories and large buildings.

Duties & Tasks
Civil engineers may perform the following tasks:
  • investigate sites to determine the most suitable foundation for a proposed construction
  • research and advise on the best engineering solution to meet a client's needs and budget
  • prepare engineering calculations required for the design of projects, and supervise the drafting of plans
  • produce detailed designs and documentation for the construction and implementation of civil engineering projects
  • organise the delivery of materials, plant machinery and equipment needed for the construction project and supervise labour
  • develop detailed programmes for the coordination of site activities
  • work with other engineers, architects, landscape architects and environmental scientists
  • assist government bodies in preparing yearly works programmes (such as work on car parks, drainage, roads, aerodromes or sewerage systems) within set budgets
  • operate computers to assist with the design of civil engineering projects
  • coordinate and direct research, development and testing of materials, processes or systems related to civil engineering works
  • research, advise on and plan the control and minimisation of air, water and solid waste pollution, and the management of water resources
  • supervise the testing and commissioning of completed works
  • analyse and interpret reports on loading, labour, productivity, quality, materials and performance
  • analyse risks associated with natural disasters (including cyclones, earthquakes, fires and floods), and design structures and services to meet appropriate standards
  • arrange for geological and geophysical investigations and carry out feasibility studies.
  • Working conditions
    Civil engineers may work in offices or on site. They may be required to work long hours and meet strict deadlines while working under minimal supervision. Civil engineers deal with various professional, skilled and semi-skilled people.par Consulting and contracting engineers often travel interstate, and some travel overseas. It may be necessary for some civil engineers to change residence every few years as their work takes them from one major engineering site to another.
    Personal requirements
  • able to identify, analyse and solve problems
  • good oral and written communication skills
  • aptitude for computing and design
  • practical and creative
  • able to work without supervision
  • able to work as part of a team
  • able to accept responsibility
  • willing to contribute and adhere to the safety requirements of the operation.
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