How to become a Geologist

Geologists study the nature, composition and structure of the earth to locate materials and minerals, and to increase scientific knowledge. They also advise on the extraction of minerals, as well as on environmental protection, the rehabilitation of land after mining and on civil engineering projects.

Personal requirements of a Geologist

  • Enjoy technical and scientific activities
  • Willing to adhere to safety requirements
  • Able to work independently or as part of a team
  • Able to prepare accurate records and reports
  • Able to cope with the physical demands of the job
  • Prepared to work outdoors in a range of environments and on irregular schedules

Education & Training for a Geologist

To become a geologist you usually have to complete a degree in science or applied science with a major in geology, geoscience, applied geology, geophysics or earth sciences. To get into these courses you usually need to gain your Senior Secondary Certificate of Education. Prerequisite subjects, or assumed knowledge, in one or more of English, mathematics, chemistry, earth and environmental science, physics and biology are normally required. Universities have different prerequisites and some have flexible entry requirements. Contact the institutions you are interested in for more information. For further details, visit

Additional Information
Formal training is followed by continuous vocational training throughout your working life to enhance skills in business, computing, management and technical knowledge. After a qualifying period, graduates may be eligible for membership of the Geological Society of Australia, Australian Institute of Geoscientists and/or the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy.
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