Marine biologists study the origin, structure, functions and behaviour of all forms of life in the sea and connected estuaries, rivers and lakes, as well as their relationships with each other and how they are affected by environmental factors.
Duties & Tasks
Marine biologists may perform the following tasks:estimate the number of marine organisms and analyse their population featuresobserve communities of marine organisms and determine the factors influencing their structureassess and advise on the causes, effects, prevention and control of introduced speciesuse numerical and statistical skills to design laboratory and field experimentsdesign and carry out environmental impact assessments to determine whether change is caused by natural or human factorsparticipate in studies aimed at predicting the effects of proposed developmentsdevelop long-term programmes for monitoring environmental pollutionprovide guidance to help manage fisheriesprovide information and recommendations for the development of marine conservation and harvesting policies and programmes, including aquaculturewrite scientific reports on research and investigations, and prepare more general information for scientific, managerial, political and general audiencesprovide advice to managers, politicians, primary producers, healthcare workers and the general publicprovide research training for students and staff seeking entry to this field.
Marine biologists may be required to work both in a laboratory and for extended periods at sea or on shore-based field stations. Fieldwork may include working on commercial fishing vessels, on small inshore vessels or scuba diving.par In many cases, much of the work of marine biologists involves office work, research, writing reports and long hours in laboratories.
- interested in the marine environment and its inhabitants analytical and problem-solving ability good written communication skills good mathematics skills able to work as part of a team.