Winemakers plan, supervise and coordinate the production of wine or spirits from selected varieties of grapes.
To become a winemaker you usually have to complete a degree in viticulture and oenology, wine science, wine chemistry or wine evaluation. To get into these courses you usually need to gain your Senior Secondary Certificate of Education. Prerequisite subjects, or assumed knowledge, in one or more of English, mathematics and chemistry are normally required. Institutions have different prerequisites and some have flexible entry requirements or offer external study. Contact the institutions you are interested in for more information.
Winemakers may perform the following tasks:
Winemakers working in large wineries are in charge of the technical side of the business. Those working in small wineries may be responsible for the whole winemaking process, from the growing of the grapes to the bottling and marketing of the finished wine.
The majority of positions for winemakers are in NSW, SA and Victoria, although there are also employment opportunities in WA. Smaller wine industries are present in Queensland and Tasmania. You can gain experience by obtaining temporary or seasonal positions in a variety of winemaking regions and countries. Winemakers with considerable experience can work as consultants to different wineries, although the majority of wineries prefer to have their own winemaker. Wineries vary in size from small operations (perhaps family-owned) to large companies employing many people. Winemakers may be involved in all aspects of winemaking. They may also specialise in a particular area, depending on the size and type of winery.