Analysts define software requirements and specifications, and guide program design and development. The analystâ€™s role sits between the initial business analysis stage and the detailed system design, building and programming stages of the systems development process.
To become an analyst you usually have to complete a degree in information technology, information systems or computer science.To get into these courses you usually need to gain your Senior Secondary Certificate of Education. Prerequisite subjects, or assumed knowledge, in one or more of English and mathematics are normally required. Most universities in Australia offer degrees in these areas. Institutions have different prerequisites and some have flexible entry requirements or offer external study. Contact the institutions you are interested in for more information.
Analysts may perform the following tasks:
Analysts work in a range of occupational environments. They may work in IT-specific industries, as well as in other industries requiring IT expertise. They may work on a freelance basis. With experience and sufficient start-up money, there are opportunities for self-employment. Analyst staff usually start as programmers, although an IT qualification can also be a successful entry point.
An applications systems analyst builds IT systems once the requirements have been defined by a business (systems) analyst and uses data modelling to generate different possible solutions as a means of finding the best result for the client. They analyse system components and monitor data flow to improve efficiency. They draw up detailed design documents for systems, using charts and diagrams that indicate the various steps involved for designers and programmers, and describe the system in ways that the client can understand. They also prepare other detailed documentation (including hardware and tender specifications, process flow documentation, and rules and instructions for designers and programmers) and help with client site installation activities.
A computer tester may have several different roles, including initial testing of a newly built system. This can be undertaken together with experts in the subject area and other IT professionals such as programmers. Computer testers may also be involved with clients at the application testing stage.
A data modeller undertakes data modelling, which is the analysis and design of the information in the system, as part of the development of options for the client.
A network analyst is involved in the analysis of data flow and the technical requirements and equipment that best suit an organisation's network. They investigate the physical space requirements for network equipment; plan a network's size, capacity and configuration; and talk with network system management to ensure that client needs are met. They may also work with network designers and programmers to build and implement network solutions.
An operations systems analyst analyses the components of operational systems to optimise performance in such things as response time and down time.