How to become a Psychotherapist

Psychotherapists provide diagnosis and treatment of mental and emotional disorders using psychotherapeutic methods such as behavioural therapy, biofeedback, relaxation therapy and other techniques. They work with individuals, couples, families and groups to help them overcome a range of psychological and emotional issues.

Personal requirements for a Psychotherapist

  • Excellent communication and listening skills
  • Patient in dealing with all types of people
  • Empathy and cultural awareness
  • An inquisitive mind
  • Discretion and respect for confidentiality and privacy
  • Good problem-solving skills.

Duties & Tasks of a Psychotherapist

Psychotherapists may perform the following tasks:

  • Address the client's thought processes, feelings and behaviour
  • Understand inner conflicts
  • Find new ways to deal with, and alleviate, distress
  • Evaluate therapy outcomes and write reports
  • Keep up to date with developments in theory and research.

Working conditions for a Psychotherapist

They usually work regular hours and indoors in comfortable conditions. However, overly-anxious or uncooperative clients can make the work stressful at times.


With experience, and sometimes further training, psychotherapists may specialise in specific fields of psychotherapy. They may take a number of approaches according to the theoretical models they adopt and the therapy they practice.

Art Psychotherapist

An art psychotherapist uses creative, arts-based processes as part of their therapeutic work with clients, to facilitate self-expression, communication, self-awareness and personal development. Therapy with young children often focuses on communication through undirected play with art materials and toys.


A therapist provides basic treatment for a range of issues and assist clients to reflect on issues to help them make positive changes.

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