How to become an Electrician

Electricians install, maintain, repair, test and commission electrical and electronic equipment and systems for industrial, commercial and domestic purposes. Electricians may also work on electrical transmission and distribution equipment.

Personal requirements of a Electrician

  • Enjoy mathematical and technical activities
  • Good hand-eye coordination
  • Good eyesight (may be corrected) and normal colour vision
  • Logical thinking and diagnostic ability
  • Aptitude for mechanics and electronics
  • Able to do precise and detailed work
  • Able to work independently or as part of a team
  • Able to cope with the physical demands of the job
  • Good communication skills

Education & Training for a Electrician

To become an electrician you usually have to complete an apprenticeship or traineeship. Entry requirements may vary, but employers generally require Year 10 and some may prefer Year 12.

Additional Information

After completing your apprenticeship or traineeship, you will need to apply for a licence to perform electrical work from the relevant government department or authority in your state or territory.

Duties & Tasks of a Electrician


  • read electrical, architectural and mechanical diagrams, drawings or specifications to determine job requirements
  • plan the layout of wiring systems
  • test for, locate and repair electrical malfunctions
  • install electrical and electronic control systems and insulated cables
  • install electrical equipment such as storage heaters, water heaters, electrical signs, switchboards and motors
  • assemble electrical and electronic components and appliances
  • connect electrical equipment to power supplies
  • connect switches, outlets and other fittings
  • connect circuit breakers
  • maintain automated production processes.

Working conditions for a Electrician

Electricians may work in workshops, in private homes or in manufacturers' factories. They may have a considerable amount of contact with the public, work in confined spaces and have to stand for long periods. They may also be required to work at heights on masts, towers and roofs. Electricians must be aware of safety regulations and must wear and use supplied protective equipment to minimise risks.

Employment Opportunities for a Electrician

Electricians are employed in a range of industries, including manufacturing, mining, minerals, construction, energy and water supply, storage and transport, domestic and commercial electronics service and retail. Some work for government organisations, while others work as contractors on their own behalf or are employed by contractors. The data communications and IT aspects of the industry are becoming increasingly important as new technologies alter the way businesses operate. Recent developments, such as home automation and the integration of systems such as data communications, suggest the current rapid rate of technological change in the industry will continue to accelerate. There are growing opportunities to work as a renewable energy electrician and to design and install photovoltaic (solar power) systems. Additional training is available. Promotion to supervisory, technician, engineering and management positions is possible with experience and further training. With experience, and some business training, electricians may apply to gain an additional electrical contractor licence to run a business.

Avg. weekly wage:


Future growth:


Employment by state:

ACT 1.2%

NSW 29.1%

NT 1.7%

QLD 22.8%

SA 6.8%

TAS 2%

VIC 22%

WA 14.3%


Hours worked:



Lower unemployment

Gender split:

Male 100%

Female 0%

Education level:

Not completed Year 12: 5.7%

Highest qualification is secondary school: 10.2%

Highest qualification is a Certificate 3 or 4: 77.4%

Highest qualification is a Diploma or Advanced Diploma: 5.6%

Highest qualification is a Bachelor degree: 2.1%

Highest qualification is a Postgraduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate: 0.4%

Age brackets:

15-19 - 0.1%

20-24 - 6.1%

25-34 - 26.8%

35-44 - 22.6%

45-54 - 19.5%

55-59 - 8.2%

60-64 - 7.1%

65 and Over - 9.5%

*The data above is sourced from the Department of Employment’s Job Outlook website.

Industry Associations and Employers
Related careers