How to become a Judge

Judges preside over civil and criminal proceedings in courts of law, ensuring trials are run fairly and according to the rules of law and evidence.

Personal requirements for a Judge

  • Mature and responsible
  • Honest, firm and fair
  • Be of good standing within the community
  • Able to deal with public scrutiny
  • Good knowledge of Commonwealth and state law, legal history and court processes
  • Good oral and written communication skills
  • Able to understand, analyse and use facts quickly and logically
  • Able to work under pressure and deal with a variety of people
  • Australian citizenship.

Duties & Tasks of a Judge

Judges may perform the following tasks:

  • Conduct trials and hearings
  • Hear and consider legal arguments, evidence and submissions
  • Decide appeals and determine questions of law according to established procedures
  • Instruct juries on matters of law
  • Ensurethat no improper evidence is given to the jury
  • Enforce court processes and rules during a hearing in order to ensure a fair trial
  • Conduct tribunals, royal commissions and other official inquiries
  • Determine constitutional issues and questions
  • Pass judgements and sentences, award damages and issue court orders
  • Write judgements after the case, including detailed descriptions of their reasons
  • Read and research previous cases, other judges' decisions and legislation in order to stay up to date with changes and legal precedents.

Working conditions for a Judge

Judges may be required to work long hours depending on the requirements of the cases over which they are presiding.


Specializations

Master

A master exercises judicial powers as a deputy of the judges. With limited exceptions, masters perform all of the work of a judge. Masters often are responsible for a particular judicial office and hear most matters in this area such as compensation cases or pre-trial hearings.

Judge

Judges preside over civil and criminal proceedings in courts of law, ensuring trials are run fairly and according to the rules of law and evidence.

Master

A master exercises judicial powers as a deputy of the judges. With limited exceptions, masters perform all of the work of a judge. Masters often are responsible for a particular judicial office and hear most matters in this area such as compensation cases or pre-trial hearings.

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