How to become an Engineering Tradesperson - Fabrication

Fabrication engineering tradespersons cut, shape, join and finish metal to make, maintain or repair metal products and structures. They may produce moulds or patterns for metal castings, apply coatings and work with a variety of materials.

Personal requirements of a Engineering Tradesperson - Fabrication

  • Enjoy working with machines
  • Interested in computer-programmable machinery
  • Able to cope with the physical demands of the job
  • Strength to handle materials, tools and machines
  • Good hand-eye coordination
  • Able to work in a team or independently
  • Patient
  • Able to carry out accurate work
  • Safety-conscious

Education & Training for a Engineering Tradesperson - Fabrication

To become a fabrication engineering tradesperson you usually have to complete an apprenticeship. Entry requirements may vary, but employers generally require Year 10.

Additional Information

Some fabrication engineering tradesperson roles require working at heights or in confined spaces. When working at heights, industry standards require tradespeople to complete a Work Safely at Heights short course provided by a Registered Training Organisation. Tradespeople who are required to work in confined spaces must have a Confined Space Entry Permit.

Duties & Tasks of a Engineering Tradesperson - Fabrication

Fabrication engineering tradespeople:

  • examine detailed drawings or specifications to find out job, material and equipment requirements
  • cut, roll, shape, bend, mould, spin, heat or hammer metal products to fabricate parts or sub-assemblies
  • heat treat metal parts and components
  • set up and/or operate hand and machine tools, welding equipment or Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) machines
  • assemble parts and structures by lining up and joining them by welding, bolting or riveting
  • finish products by cleaning, polishing, filing or bathing them in acid solutions, or by applying protective or decorative coatings.

Working conditions for a Engineering Tradesperson - Fabrication

Fabrication engineering tradespeople work in workshops or production areas that can be noisy, hot and dusty. They usually spend most of their day standing and often need to bend, crouch or climb. Some may be required to work in confined spaces or at heights, and shift work may be involved. They may work in a team or alone. Workshops are generally spacious, ventilated and well lit. Fabrication engineering tradespeople must be aware of safety regulations and must wear protective equipment to minimise heat and noise levels, and to guard against corrosive chemicals.

Employment Opportunities for a Engineering Tradesperson - Fabrication

Fabrication engineering tradespeople work for engineering and construction firms, motor vehicle and other manufacturers, the minerals industry, shipyards, and electricity and gas supply authorities. Some are employed by federal, state or territory government departments, or local government authorities. They may work in metropolitan areas, large regional industrial centres, and on remote mining and processing projects. Job opportunities depend on the level of local and overseas demand for Australian-manufactured goods and for minerals and energy products, the rate of technological change, and the number of new projects in heavy engineering, mining or steel construction. With experience and further study, competent tradespeople can upgrade their qualifications to technician, associate, technologist or engineer level.



A blacksmith shapes bars, rods and blocks of metal using hand or power tools to produce or repair metal articles. Blacksmiths also make and repair agricultural equipment, mining and quarrying machinery, or ornamental steelwork such as gates and fences. They can specialise in forge-smithing, hammer-smithing or tool-smithing.

Boilermaker (Heavy Fabrication)

A boilermaker (heavy fabrication) cuts, shapes, assembles and joins heavy gauge metal parts to produce or repair containers that have to withstand pressure, such as ships, boilers and storage tanks. Boilermakers trained in structural fabrication may be involved in fitting, assembling and joining aluminium and steel in the construction or repair of towers, bridges, structural supports, girders and ships.

Engineering Patternmaker

An engineering patternmaker designs, constructs and machines full size engineering models (called patterns) out of polyurethane, aluminium, cast iron, epoxy resin and timber, using digital 3D or 2D information. A completed pattern (called tooling) is supplied to related manufacturers like foundries, die casters, vacuum formers and machinery producers.

Foundry Worker

A foundry worker assists tradespeople and semi-skilled workers to cast metal into shapes used as parts for machinery, motor vehicles, railway engines, stove parts and wheels.


A moulder/coremaker makes sand moulds from which many kinds of metal objects are cast. They may make moulds for goods ranging from truck wheels, crankshafts and bulldozer blades, to door handles and water taps, or for the structural frames of equipment used in mining, quarrying and forestry. The moulding process is commonly automated or semi-automated.

Sheetmetal Worker (Light Fabrication)

A sheetmetal worker (light fabrication) manufactures a variety of products and components using thin sheetmetal materials. A sheetmetal worker uses hand tools, power tools and other machines to mark out, cut, shape and join a variety of sheetmetal materials. They work with galvanised steel, mild steel, stainless steel, aluminium, copper and brass. Sheetmetal workers shape and form the cut material into products by operating sheetmetal shaping and forming machines such as brake presses, and folding, bending and rolling machines.

Welder - First Class

A welder - first class constructs or repairs metal products by joining parts either manually (using a variety of welding methods, including electric arc, MIG and TIG welding or oxyacetylene welding) or by machine. These parts are used to complete structures and equipment (such as ships, bridges, pipelines, vehicles and domestic appliances).

Avg. weekly wage:


Future growth:


Employment by state:

ACT 0.3%

NSW 25.7%

NT 1.4%

QLD 17%

SA 7.8%

TAS 3%

VIC 28.1%

WA 16.8%

Hours worked:



Lower unemployment

Gender split:

Male 99%

Female 1%

Education level:

Not completed Year 10: 7.1%

Not completed Year 12: 9.7%

Highest qualification is secondary school: 11.4%

Highest qualification is a Certificate 3 or 4: 59.4%

Highest qualification is a Diploma or Advanced Diploma: 3.9%

Highest qualification is a Bachelor degree: 2.2%

Highest qualification is a Postgraduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate: 0.9%

Age brackets:

15-19 - 0.1%

20-24 - 6.1%

25-34 - 26.8%

35-44 - 22.6%

45-54 - 19.5%

55-59 - 8.2%

60-64 - 7.1%

65 and Over - 9.5%

*The data above is sourced from the Department of Employment’s Job Outlook website.

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