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Farmer/Farm Manager

Farmers and farm managers undertake farming operations to raise livestock and cultivate crops, fruit, vegetables and other agricultural products.
A farmer is a self-employed person who farms their own land or a leasehold property rented from a landowner. A farm manager is an employee who is paid a salary to manage a farm or group of farms.

Duties & Tasks
Farmers and farm managers may perform the following tasks:
  • decide or advise on the kind of crops to be grown, the area to be sown or planted and the livestock to be raised
  • plan the type of farming activities to be undertaken, estimate operating costs and order supplies such as seed, fertiliser, livestock fodder and farm equipment
  • recruit and coordinate farm workers and direct them on crop growing and livestock raising
  • plant, spray, fertilise, harvest and sell crops
  • handle, load and transport livestock for showing, slaughter or sale
  • clean and maintain buildings, sheds, pens, equipment and facilities to maintain health standards and high-quality of produce
  • monitor animal health and seek veterinary advice when necessary
  • ensure there is adequate food supply, water and protection from the weather for livestock
  • ensure temperature, ventilation and lighting conditions are comfortable for livestock kept indoors
  • observe and record produce quality or livestock body weight and condition, adjusting management or feeding programmes if required
  • manage the strategic direction of the business
  • manage the financial aspects of the business by controlling income and expenses
  • plan activities to minimise environmental degradation, monitor environmental effects of farming activities and repair existing damage through programmes such as tree planting.
  • Working conditions
    Farmers may work on large or small enterprises, or they may need to travel between a number of properties to manage activities. They spend much of their time working outdoors.
    Personal requirements
    - good at planning
  • able to analyse and solve problems
  • good organisational and supervisory skills
  • good communication skills
  • responsible approach and attitude
  • enjoy working outdoors in all kinds of weather
  • able to work both in a team and with limited social contact
  • able to handle animals with confidence and patience
  • mechanical aptitude
  • aptitude for working with computers
  • able to work independently.
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