How to become a Chemical Engineer

Chemical Engineer

Chemical engineers design and coordinate the construction and operation of manufacturing facilities and processes that convert raw materials into everyday products such as petrol, toothpaste, pharmaceuticals and plastics.

Personal requirements for a Chemical Engineer

  • Enjoy technical and engineering work
  • Safety-conscious
  • Able to identify, analyse and solve problems
  • Good communication skills
  • Aptitude for computing and design
  • Practical and creative
  • Able to work independently and accept responsibility

Education & Training for a Chemical Engineer

To become a chemical engineer you usually have to complete an engineering degree at university with a major in chemical engineering or industrial chemistry. Alternatively, you can complete a relevant degree, followed by a postgraduate qualification in chemical engineering. To get into the degree courses you usually need to gain your Senior Secondary Certificate of Education. Prerequisite subjects, or assumed knowledge, in one or more of English, mathematics, biology, chemistry and physics are normally required. Entry to postgraduate courses usually requires completion of an appropriate bachelor degree. Universities have different prerequisites and some have flexible entry requirements or offer external study. Contact the institutions you are interested in for more information.


Additional information

Graduates may be eligible for membership of Engineers Australia or the Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE) in Australia. Visit their websites for more details.

Duties & Tasks of a Chemical Engineer

Chemical engineers:

  • Seek new and more efficient processes and materials, or improve or find new uses for existing materials
  • Design methods and equipment to control and contain the processes that transform basic materials into useful products
  • Ensure the safe, efficient and environmentally friendly operation of equipment and test products at various stages of production to check their quality
  • Make plans and specifications for new production plants, taking into account available technology, the cost and size of equipment and storage space, market requirements, transport methods and disposal of surplus substances
  • Review current methods of production for cost efficiency, environmental friendliness, maximum output and optimal product quality
  • Identify faults in the day-to-day operation of process plants (such as oil refining, steel making and water treatment) and take corrective action
  • Prepare reports, feasibility studies and cost analyses of processes
  • Provide product process information to sales and marketing personnel or customers
  • Direct and coordinate the work of maintenance and construction tradespeople or process plant operators.

Tasks

  • Studies product utilisation and pollution control problems..
  • Ensures correct materials and equipment are used and that they conform to specifications..
  • Diagnoses malfunctions in chemical plants and instituting remedial action..
  • Monitors the operation and maintenance of equipment to achieve maximum efficiency under safe operating conditions..
  • Prepares designs for chemical process systems and plans control systems for processes, such as those used to remove and separate components, effect chemical changes, test and evaluate fuels, transfer heat, and control the storing and handling of solids, liquids and gases..

Working conditions for a Chemical Engineer

Chemical engineers usually work standard hours, but may be called in to meet demanding deadlines. Those with responsibilities for continuous process plants may be on call 24 hours a day. Some may work shifts during the commissioning of new plants. Workplaces range from laboratories and processing plants to engineering design offices and research institutions.


Employment Opportunities for a Chemical Engineer

Major employing industries include manufacturers of iron and steel basic products, manufacturers of organic industrial chemicals, the minerals industry and petroleum refineries. There is also scope for chemical engineers to move into related areas such as biotechnology, food engineering and mineral engineering. Others are employed by government agencies assessing and monitoring the risk and impact of chemical processes on the environment (checking air and water quality, for example). Those with several years of experience may become consultants with engineering firms or on a self-employed basis. A range of careers also exist with the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation and state authorities concerned with gas, electricity, water supply and environmental protection. With experience, and sometimes further training, chemical engineers may advance to become business, technical, financial or works managers; personnel directors; or managing directors of large companies.


Specializations

Chemical engineers may specialise in the following fields:

  • Bioprocess - involves pharmaceuticals and the food and drink industries.
  • Chemical Process - involves the fertiliser industry, pesticides and herbicides, caustic soda, glass and specialty chemicals.
  • Combustion - involves large industrial furnaces such as those for steel manufacture or power generation from coal or gas.
  • Environmental - involves waste and water treatment, environmental regulations and recycling.
  • Minerals - involves major minerals industries such as alumina/aluminium, steel, copper, lead and gold.
  • Petrochemicals - involves the conversion of oil and gas into plastics, synthetic rubber and similar end uses.
  • Petroleum - involves the production of oil, gas and LPG from onshore and offshore fields.
  • Process Control - involves the instrumentation and control systems, which enable a manufacturing process to run smoothly, safely and efficiently.
  • Project Delivery - involves the construction of a process plant, converting the design into an efficient, safe operating plant.

Chemical Engineer

Chemical engineers design and coordinate the construction and operation of manufacturing facilities and processes that convert raw materials into everyday products such as petrol, toothpaste, pharmaceuticals and plastics.

  • Average age
    Average age
    38 years
  • Future Growth
    Future Growth
    Strong
  • Gender Share
    Gender Share
    20% female
  • Average full-time
    Average full-time
    44 hours
  • Weekly Pay
    Weekly Pay
    $3,019
  • Skill level rating
    Skill level rating
    Very high skill
  • Unemployment
    Unemployment
    Average unemployment
  • Full-Time Share
    Full-Time Share
    89% Full-Time
  • Employment Size
    Employment Size
    2,400 workers
  • Employment Size
    Employment by state
    ACT: 0.3%
    NSW: 23.8%
    NT: 0.6%
    QLD: 17.8%
    SA: 5.9%
    TAS: 1.2%
    VIC: 26.7%
    WA: 23.7%
  • Employment Size
    Age brackets
    15-19: 0%
    20-24: 7.1%
    25-34: 33.2%
    35-44: 26.3%
    45-54: 19.4%
    55-59: 6.8%
    60-64: 4%
    65 and Over: 3.2%
  • Employment Size
    Education level
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma: 2.6%
    Bachelor degree: 64.7%
    Certificate III/IV: 2.4%
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate: 26.2%
    Year 10 and below: 0.1%
    Year 11: 0%
    Year 12: 4%
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