Mathematicians apply and develop mathematical principles to solve problems in all areas of the sciences, technology, social sciences, business, industry and commerce.
Personal requirements for a Mathematician
 Enjoy mathematics
 A good imagination
 Analytical skills
 Able to take initiative
 Able to persevere
 Able to work independently or as part of a team
 Enjoy problemsolving
Education & Training for a Mathematician
To become a mathematician you usually have to study mathematics at university. There are a number of different degrees within which you can study mathematics. These include arts, engineering and science. Mathematics can also be studied at some universities as part of a double degree with other courses such as law, medicine, actuarial studies and finance. Mathematics and statistics are closely related areas and many students combine study in both.
To get into these courses you usually need to gain your Senior Secondary Certificate of Education. Prerequisite subjects, or assumed knowledge, in one or more of English, mathematics, chemistry, physics and biology are normally required. Universities have different prerequisites and some have flexible entry requirements. Contact the institutions you are interested in for more information.
Duties & Tasks of a Mathematician
Mathematicians:
 Apply geometry and calculus to design objects in fields such as architecture, computer graphics and robotics
 Analyse statistics to find predictive models for traffic flow, insurance risks, consumer research, market analysis and clinical trials
 Develop predictive models for financial markets and products for financial risk management
 Simulate processes in chemical, mining or agricultural industries by translating them into mathematical models
 Develop computer modelling
 Develop and improve mathematical models
 Design computer programs to make and break complex security codes, or investigate and develop schemes for information security.
Tasks

Analyses and interprets data, and produces relevant statistics to describe and infer particular trends and patterns..

Specifies the data to be collected, and the methodology to be used in collection and analysis..

Applies models to experimental observations, and adjusts and recasts the models..

Liaises with management and clients to determine the subject or area to be surveyed or examined..

Formulates mathematical models to simulate processes..

Uses numerical analysis methods to develop algorithms and perform computations..

Evaluates and describes the reliability and utility of source information..
Employment Opportunities for a Mathematician
Mathematicians are employed in a wide range of capacities, such as scientists, toplevel and midlevel managers, executives and administrators, academics and research personnel in universities, teachers, computer systems analysts and developers, and in the finance sector. They are in demand in everincreasing areas where mathematical models are used, such as in insurance models in the finance industry, econometric models in government departments and models related to the physical sciences. The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), the Defence Science and Technology Organisation and other government bodies also employ mathematicians. Additionally, there is nearly always demand for teachers of mathematics, particularly in secondary schools.
Specializations
Pure Mathematician
A pure mathematician develops new mathematical structures and approaches to solving existing problems, in order to further mathematical knowledge.
Scientific Programmer
A scientific programmer develops algorithms and computer programmes for use in mathematical modelling, data analysis and problemsolving in fields such as industrial design, climate science and geoscience.
Mathematical Modeller
A mathematical modeller constructs mathematical models (often via computer technology) to simulate real phenomena across a wide range of applications, including meteorology, geography and finance.
Applied Mathematician
An applied mathematician formulates and studies mathematical models of environmental, physical and social systems in order to understand and, where possible, optimise those systems.
Mathematical Analyst
A mathematical analyst analyses data and assesses risks within the finance and insurance industries, as well as market research, biosecurity and genetics.
Mathematician
Mathematicians apply and develop mathematical principles to solve problems in all areas of the sciences, technology, social sciences, business, industry and commerce.

Average age
36 years

Future Growth
Moderate

Gender Share
23% female

Average fulltime
43 hours

Weekly Pay
$2,060

Skill level rating
Very high skill

Unemployment
Lower unemployment

FullTime Share
86% FullTime

Employment Size
560 workers

Employment by state
ACT: 6.7%
NSW: 42.5%
NT: 0.0%
QLD: 11.6%
SA: 9.4%
TAS: 0.7%
VIC: 24.4%
WA: 4.7%

Age brackets
1519: 0%
2024: 6.6%
2534: 38.5%
3544: 28.1%
4554: 17.6%
5559: 4.1%
6064: 2.7%
65 and Over: 2.5%

Education level
Advanced Diploma/Diploma: 0%
Bachelor degree: 29.7%
Certificate III/IV: 0.6%
Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate: 67.9%
Year 10 and below: 0%
Year 11: 0%
Year 12: 1.9%