How to become a Botanist


Botanists study the biology of all types of plants to increase scientific knowledge and apply this knowledge in areas such as conservation and management of natural resources, agriculture, forestry, horticulture, medicine and biotechnology.

Personal requirements for a Botanist

  • Interested in plants and research
  • Strong analytical skills
  • Aptitude for working with computers
  • Patient
  • Enjoy working outdoors
  • Able to work independently and as part of a team

Education & Training for a Botanist

To become a botanist you usually have to complete a degree in science with a major in botany, or forest or plant science. To get into these courses you usually need to gain your Senior Secondary Certificate of Education. Prerequisite subjects, or assumed knowledge, in one or more of English, mathematics, biology, chemistry, earth and environmental science and physics are normally required. Universities have different prerequisites and some have flexible entry requirements. Contact the institutions you are interested in for more information.

Duties & Tasks of a Botanist

Botanists may:

  • Manage scientific collections of plant specimens
  • Document and analyse plant biodiversity and the evolutionary origins of plants
  • Investigate the effects of environmental factors such as rainfall, temperature, sunlight, soil, topography (surface features) and disease on plant growth
  • Grow plants under controlled conditions to assess the significance of environmental and genetic variables
  • Study the genetics of plants using biochemical and molecular techniques in a laboratory in order to determine the patterns of plant evolution
  • Study the nature of plant chromosomes, cells and tissues
  • Prepare scientific reports and papers
  • Work with other scientists to develop medicines and other products from plants
  • Search for and classify new species of plants
  • Identify plant specimens and prepare handbooks for plant identification
  • Use computers for information storage and analysis of data.


  • Investigates the effects of environmental factors, such as rainfall, temperature, sunlight, soil, topography and disease, on plant growth.

Working conditions for a Botanist

Botanists work in laboratories, offices and in the field, both alone and with other life scientists. They may work irregular hours and live in remote areas when carrying out research. Botanists may carry out fieldwork to collect and document plant species and numbers in particular areas. They may also be approached to advise on environmental and management issues and possible courses of action.

Employment Opportunities for a Botanist

Botanists are employed by universities and research organisations, as well as in the horticulture industry. Other major areas of employment include state, territory and federal government departments and organisations concerned with conservation, wildlife management, environmental control, fisheries, national parks, vermin and noxious weeds. There is growing employment with environmental consultancy firms, especially in the areas of mining and environmental restoration. Employment opportunities for botanists are influenced by levels of government and industry funding for environmental research and development, and community awareness of environmental and conservation issues. Demand for plant physiologists and plant pathologists is also influenced by trends in the horticultural and agricultural industries.


Marine Botanist

A marine botanist studies marine plants and related underwater environments.

Plant Ecologist

A plant ecologist studies the relationships between plants and their environment. This may include investigations into the effects of rainfall, temperature, sunlight, soil, terrain, animals, pollution and diseases on plant types and their distribution.

Plant Physiologist

A plant physiologist studies internal plant functions and their chemical basis to learn how plants grow, process nutrients and reproduce.

Plant Taxonomist

A plant taxonomist studies and documents the diversity in plant life and develops classifications reflecting evolutionary relationships between different plant groups and species.

Plant Pathologist

A plant pathologist studies the effects of diseases that are harmful to crop growth and assists in developing methods to control them.

Forest Botanist

A forest botanist studies and documents the diversity in tree species and other species of importance to the forestry industry. They may work in tree selection and breeding for improved forestry production.


Botanists study the biology of all types of plants to increase scientific knowledge and apply this knowledge in areas such as conservation and management of natural resources, agriculture, forestry, horticulture, medicine and biotechnology.

  • Average age
    Average age
    45 years
  • Future Growth
    Future Growth
  • Gender Share
    Gender Share
    44% female
  • Average full-time
    Average full-time
    43 hours
  • Weekly Pay
    Weekly Pay
  • Skill level rating
    Skill level rating
    Very high skill
  • Unemployment
    Average unemployment
  • Full-Time Share
    Full-Time Share
    76% Full-Time
  • Employment Size
    Employment Size
    650 workers
  • Employment Size
    Employment by state
    ACT: 7.0%
    NSW: 18.8%
    NT: 2.5%
    QLD: 25.0%
    SA: 6.9%
    TAS: 3.8%
    VIC: 17.2%
    WA: 18.8%
  • Employment Size
    Age brackets
    15-19: 0.5%
    20-24: 2.7%
    25-34: 18.8%
    35-44: 26%
    45-54: 23.7%
    55-59: 14.1%
    60-64: 8.4%
    65 and Over: 5.8%
  • Employment Size
    Education level
    Advanced Diploma/Diploma: 4.1%
    Bachelor degree: 38.2%
    Certificate III/IV: 2.5%
    Post Graduate/Graduate Diploma or Graduate Certificate: 52.6%
    Year 10 and below: 0.5%
    Year 11: 0%
    Year 12: 2.2%
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