Biotechnologists study plants, animals and microorganisms. They use this knowledge to develop uses for biological processes, which include creating products for pharmaceutical, agricultural, diagnostic and environmental use, and advancing industrial processes. Their work may incorporate the use of small molecule technologies, nanotechnology, bioinformatics and synthetic biology.
Duties & Tasks
Biotechnologists may perform the following tasks:study the genetic, chemical, physical and structural composition of cells, tissues and organisms
identify ways in which organisms and biological processes can be used to create new medicines, vaccines, foods, fuels and pharmaceutical products
develop diagnostic tools to rapidly detect diseases
use bacteria, enzymes and other organisms for a range of industrial uses, including agricultural production, food production and waste removal
crossbreed animals and plants to encourage beneficial characteristics such as disease resistance, improved nutrition and accelerated environmental adaptation
conduct research and experiments in the fields of genetic modification and biomolecular engineering, which involves altering the genetic make-up of plants and animals
conduct human stem cell research with the aim of treating or preventing illnesses
use biological engineering processes to create biological products for commercial use, such as biomaterials, chemicals or fuels.
enthusiasm and aptitude for science and research
able to think logically and analytically
able to carry out detailed and accurate work
good communication skills
able to solve problems and think creatively
able to work independently or as part of a team
able to grasp ethics of scientific research involving humans.