Microbiologists study microscopic forms of life such as bacteria, viruses, protozoa, algae and fungi to increase scientific knowledge and develop medical, veterinary, industrial, environmental and other practical applications.
Personal requirements of a Microbiologist
- Enjoy and have aptitude for science and research
- Able to think logically and analytically
- Able to carry out detailed and accurate work
- Good communication skills
- Able to think creatively and solve problems
- Able to work as part of a team
Education & Training for a Microbiologist
To become a microbiologist you usually have to complete a degree in science, biomedical science, medical science or health science at university with a major in microbiology. To get into these courses you usually need to gain your Senior Secondary Certificate of Education. Prerequisite subjects, or assumed knowledge, in one or more of English, mathematics, biology, chemistry and physics are normally required. Most universities in Australia offer these degrees. Universities have different prerequisites and some have flexible entry requirements. Contact the institutions you are interested in for more information.
For full details, refer to the entries on the website at www.goodcareersguide.com.au or university handbooks.
Duties & Tasks of a Microbiologist
Microbiologists may perform the following tasks:
- develop products, such as antibiotics, detergents or cosmetics, that either combat diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms or harness the positive capabilities of microorganisms
- test samples from patients, isolating and identifying the microbes that cause illness, examining their susceptibility to antibiotics and giving advice about appropriate treatment
- prevent and control the spread of harmful microbes in hospitals, the food industry and the general population
- advise the government about public health policies
- examine natural products for their ability to inhibit the growth of dangerous microbes and apply their findings to the medical and food industries
- investigate the potential of microbes to improve human and animal health through nutrition
- develop and improve fermented drinks and foods, such as beer, wine, cheese and yoghurt
- research the microbiology of plants and use microbes to control pests, weeds and animal diseases
- study DNA and the use of bacteria to introduce specially engineered genes into an organism in order to fight disease or to change a specific feature of the organism
- use their knowledge of microbiology to minimise the environmental impact of production and clean up existing pollution
- investigate the ways in which microorganisms can be used to improve and enhance products that impact on quality of life, such as food and beverages.
Employment Opportunities for a Microbiologist
Microbiologists are employed in federal, state, territory and local government organisations, including research organisations and hospitals. They are also employed in the private sector in a wide range of industries, such as agriculture, food production, private pathology and pharmaceuticals.